What India and ISRO have in Future Plans and Goals
ISRO or Indian Soace Research Organisation is known for cost effective and high success rate launches. But in terms of there own achievement of Reaching Mars or Moon they lag. Another thing they are behind is reusability of rockets. Now we will be discussing the #plans of ISRO for future.
They this month are launching the imaging satellite Microsat-R on January 24th. This is the first launch they are having this year. After this the focus will shift to Chandrayaan-2. Chandrayaan is the mission of India to reach Moon. Chandrayan literally means Moon vehicle.
ISRO had 16 launches in previous year and they ambitiously are targeting 32 launches in this year. The Chandrayaan-2 was innitially planned for 2017, got delayed to 2018, and then missed 2018 window because some tests would not be completed.
ISRO in planning 2 unmanned launches to moon in 2020 and 2021, before there actual launch of a human in space scheduled for late 2021. This will help them gain experience for there furst launch.
The chandrayaan mission gains importance specially because of the recent success of China in a moon mission that was to reach the dark side of moon. The competiton has heated up further.
ISRO does not have as large budget as NASA or China has. They try to make there missions effecient and are trying for each and every small cost cutting so that they can carry out maximum launches. One of the key thing required for it, is reusability.
Reusable rockets will help to reuse the rockets and save a lot of money, time, effort, resources, and man power. The reduced cost will help them get more resources and also they will be able to more launched.
By 2024, reports suggest the global market for rocket launches is expected to reach the $7 billion mark. The largest chunk remaining in hand of #SpaceX, due to there ability to recover rocket.
As a standard the rockets have 2 stages. The first stage for the innitial. SpaceX has been successful in recovering the first stage for many a times. They use there drone ships in sea to catch the first stage called ‘merlin’ after it comes back to earth from launch.
Though the second stage has been a trickier task for SpaceX also. ISRO wants to achieve this amazing feat, they have made plans to achieve recovery of birth the stages and will be implementing it in future, though there is no defined timeline for it.
ISRO Chairman K Sivan said, “The first rocket stage will be recovered on a vertical landing spot in the sea like SpaceX has been doing it with its Falcon rocket. However, recovering the second stage is not simple.”
He further added, “We are developing a winged body like a space shuttle. This shuttle will be attached as a second stage in a rocket. It will carry the top portion of the rocket comprising a satellite or spacecraft to space. Once it injects the satellite in its orbit, the shuttle will glide back to the earth and land on an airstrip like an aircraft”