Langauge 2

How are the Sinhala and Hindi languages linked to each other?

Mars TranslationLast Seen: Dec 1, 2023 @ 12:34pm 12DecUTC
Mars Translation

1st December 2023 | 29 Views
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The Sinhala language belongs mainly to Sri Lanka these days. It is one of the important Indo-Aryan languages and part of the Indo-European languages. Sinhala is an ancient language, and interestingly, it was brought to Sri Lanka by the ancestors of the Sinhalese people from northern India. They settled in India back in the 6th century BCE. A small group of people who speak the Sinhalese language are still active in India. They are scattered in the northern and southern regions. This language has undergone great development and evolution over time. Sinhala shares many differences from its sister Indo-Aryan languages because it had to flourish in a separate region. Due to its presence in different regions, there is an impact and influence on many other languages too, including Pali, Telugu, and Sanskrit.


Hindi, on the other hand, is a popular Indo-Aryan language that is part of north India. It also serves as the lingua franca in the country, including the northern, southern, and western regions. The writing font for this language is Devanagari. Also, it is one of the official languages of India, along with English. This language is the fourth most spoken first language in the world. The Hindi language has also been derived from Sanskrit, as have many other languages in India. It is a descendant of one of the ancient forms of Vedic Sanskrit. The modern Hindi language is based on the Delhi dialect. Up to 322 million people speak Hindi as their first language and 270 million as a second language in India and all across the world where there is Hindi diaspora. Due to this whopping number, the demand for Hindi translation services has also been accelerated.


Important Links 

Here is how both languages are linked to each other.

A shared family

Sinhala and Hindi language come from the same language family. These are from the Indo-Aryan branch of languages. This implies that languages share the same ancestor language and are similar to Prakriti. However, both languages have gone through major historical sound changes over a while.

Linguistic similarities

Due to the similar language family, the linguistic similarities between Hindi and Sinhala are evident. There are certain details and information that translation companies and translators need to know. A Sinhala language translator should be aware of the language’s origin, history, and evolution.

Shared vocabulary

Many words in both languages are cognate words, these are the words with a common origin. The reasons are none other than their shared ancestry. The words particularly related to family, relations, and religion sound similar.

A few of the words

  • Mata – Mother

  • Pita – Father

  • Dharma – Dharma

These words are similar in both languages and have the same use.

Mutual grammar

Though coming from similar language ancestors and going through development independently in different regions, there are some striking similarities between the grammatical structure of both. The examples include postpositional phrases, case systems, and a few other similar functions.

Sanskrit influence

As mentioned above both languages have a great influence of the Sanskrit language. Sanskrit is an ancient Indo-Aryan language that has impacted many other languages. It is also a source of origin for many languages including Kannada, and Malayalam. Many also claim that the Chinese language has its traces in the Sanskrit language. The impact of Sanskrit is quite obvious in the vocabulary, morphology, and syntax of Hindi and Sinhala language. Many times the translators also have to take help from Sanskrit language to understand the roots and origin while working on Sinhala translation.

Historical contact

Geography though was always separated for both languages but the historical contact was there due to which there was great linguistic exchange between both languages. The presence of a lot of Hindi loanwords in Sinhala and vice versa proves this statement even better.



Along with similarities, there are always differences too. Sinhala and Hindi have come a long way and have diverged significantly. They have certain differences to show.

The major ones are


The pronunciation of even similar words often deviated from each other in Hindi and Sinhala. The languages have evolved differently when it comes to pronunciation. There is quite an obvious and noticeable difference between both languages in terms of pronunciation.


Despite many cognates, languages have a vocabulary of their own too. These words are particularly different due to different cultures and geographical boundaries.


Grammar is more similar and less different in both languages. Most of the differences lie in grammar, verbs, and conjugations along with case usage. All these differences are quite minor but strong enough. The translators also need to be vigilant while working on Sinhala and Hindi. For Hindi, businesses should particularly prefer a professional Hindi translation company to ensure that they do not overlook the dissimilarities. 


Sinhala and Hindi have a great connection, despite not being mutually intelligible. These share a close linguistic relationship due to their common ancestry and historical contact. Comprehending the similarities and differences vigilantly can provide valuable insights into understanding both languages.

Mars TranslationLast Seen: Dec 1, 2023 @ 12:34pm 12DecUTC

Mars Translation


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